• [!]—backward incompatible change
  • [+]—new feature
  • [f]—bugfix
  • [r]—refactoring
  • [t]—test suite improvement
  • [d]—docs improvement

2.8.2 (January 30, 2024)

  • [+] PostgreSQL: Add the ability to set custom schema name for models (see #202).

2.8.1 (August 11, 2023)

  • [f] version bump lowdb to fix failed import of db_connector on nim 2.0.0

2.8.0 (April 5, 2023)

  • [+] Bulk update is now performed in a single query which speeds up execution 1000 times (see #188).
  • [+] Enum Support (see #166).

2.7.0 (February 27, 2023)

  • [+] Norm is not Nim 2.0 compatible (see #182).
  • [f] DB interactions are now GC-safe (see #167).
  • [r] ndb dependency has been replaced with lowdb.
  • [r] Improve exception tracking accuracy.
  • [t] Tons of improvements with regard to GitHub Actions and nimble tasks to run the test suite.

2.6.2 (February 9, 2023)

  • [+] Add LIMIT 1 to the single object variant of select proc to make selection faster.
  • [f] Add PRAGMA foreign_keys=on to sqlite connections upon creation, for both the pool and when using getDb.

2.6.1 (December 12, 2022)

  • [+] Add the ability to create indexes for tables (see #180).

2.6.0 (October 18, 2022)

  • [+] App connection pool (see #50).

2.5.2 (September 14, 2022)

  • [+] Added rawSelect proc, which allows you execute raw SQL and have the output be parsed into a custom object-type.
  • [+] insert with != 0 and force=true now uses the id provided. For PostgreSQL, this means adding conflictPolicy with ON CONFLICT DO... clause.
  • [r] Logging: refactored log module to not trigger warnings when normDebug is not defined.
  • [r] Slightly changed how objects are being parsed, leading to a small performance increase.

2.5.1 (July 20, 2022)

  • [+] Added uniqueGroup pragma to provide UNIQUE constraint on multiple columns (see #136).
  • [+] Add readOnly alias for ro pragma (see #128).
  • [f] Fixed further points where compile-time assertions created unused variables.
  • [f] Fixed selectOneToMany and selectManyToMany that were introduced in 2.5.1 being unable to deal with FK fields that were Optionals or directly ids.
  • [t] Enable deepCopy for tests to prepare for the --mm:arc|orc switch in Nim 2.0.

2.5.0 (July 8, 2022)

  • [+] Added selectOneToMany proc overload that is able to query multiple many-to-one relationships at once (see #142).
  • [+] Added selectManyToMany proc overload that is able to query multiple many-to-many relationships at once (see #142).
  • [d] Added small hint that placeholders in postgres is done via $1, S2... etc.
  • [d] Added links to norman, example app, the API index and these nimibook docs.

2.4.1 (Jun 23, 2022)

  • [r] Replaced pointless variable assignments at compile time with static discard.
  • [r] Improved error message you receive when using selectManyToMany with an invalid joinModel.

2.4.0 (March 7, 2022)

  • [+] Added selectOneToMany proc to query many-to-one relationships (see #127)
  • [+] Added selectManyToMany proc to query many-to-many relationships (see #127)

2.3.7 (February 22, 2022)

  • [f] Fix tests for self-ref foreign keys.
  • [t] Run tests of PRs.

2.3.6 (February 22, 2022)

  • [f] Fix generic models for Nim <= 1.6.4. The same fix has been merged in std/macros, in the devel branch of the compiler but will not be backported to 1.6 (see #132).
  • [f] Fix self-referencing optional foreign key, handled manually through fk pragmas (see #137 ).

2.3.5 (January 17, 2022)

  • [+] Add sum proc to calculate column value sum.

2.3.4 (January 16, 2022)

  • [+] Add the ability to define read-only models (see #125).
  • [+] Add exists proc to check if a row exists (see #115).
  • [r] Remove nimibook from dependencies to speed up package builds.

2.3.3 (December 26, 2021)

  • [+] SQLite: Add conflictPolicy param to insert procs. It determines how insertion conflicts should be handled: cpRaise (default) means raise an DbError, cpIgnore means keep the old row and ignore the new one, and cpReplace means replace the old row (see #120).

2.3.2 (November 19, 2021)

  • [+] Add norm.model.fCol func variant that works with typedescs. Now fCol func variants are symmetrical to col.
  • [+] Add tableName pragma to specify custom table name for model (see #117).
  • [f] Add missing exceptions to select procs (see #116).

2.3.1 (September 29, 2021)

  • [r][d] Add {.raises.} annotations to select procs to make it more explicit that they raise a NotFoundError if the requested row is not in the DB.

2.3.0 (April 8, 2021)

  • [!][+] Objects with id != 0 are now not inserted multiple times by default. To force insertion, use explicit force == true param.
  • [+] Add count procs to count rows without fetching them.
  • [t] Remove unused import from sqlite/trows.nim.

2.2.5 (March 23, 2021)

  • [+] Add onDelete pragma that lets add ON DELETE constraints to foreign keys.
  • [r] Improve formatting of import statements: use std/ notation.

2.2.4 (March 21, 2021)

  • [+] NotFoundError exception is raised instead of KeyError if a record is not found.
  • [f] Fix issue with objects with none Model fields failing to be used as containers to select records into (see #103).
  • [f] Allow objects to be inserted multiple times. The id is updated with each insertion (see #104).
  • [t] Added tests for record not found case.
  • [t] Added tests for none Model container fields.

2.2.3 (February 20, 2021)

  • [+] id is now int64 instead of int to produce a DB type in Postgres that doesn't depend on the processor architecture of a particular computer running the code.
  • [+] Add granular convertors for int16, int32, and int64 in Postgres.
  • [+] Add granular convertors for float32 and float64 in Postgres.
  • [+] Add type StringOfCap[static n] that is converted to VARCHAR(n) in Postgres.
  • [+] Add type PaddedStringOfCap[static n] that is converted to CHAR(n) in Postgres.
  • [t] Remove redundant environment variable usage from tdbtypes tests.

2.2.2 (November 19, 2020)

  • [f] Fix ProveInit warning.

2.2.1 (November 10, 2020)

  • [+] Added fk pragma that allows to manually declare a SomeInteger field of Model as a foreign key.

    Pragma value must be a Model. The foreign key will reference the referenced model's id field.

  • [t] Reorganized tests into folders.

  • [t] Switch from vanilla nimble test to testament.

  • [t] Added missing tests for NULL foreign keys in Postgres.

  • [t] Cleaned up redundant imports and consts.

2.2.0 (October 26, 2020)

  • [!][f][t] The way JOIN statements are generated has been changed competely. The previous algorithm was just wrong, it didn't work with models that that multiple FKs to the same model or when the same model was referenced from the root model and any of its Model fields or their Model fields.

Long story short, the old algorithm would rely on table names with no regard for whether the table is a foreign key. That means that, if you had the same table referenced with two different fields, the JOIN statement would make no difference between them, which led to invalid selections (see `#82).

The new algorithm adds alias for each joined table. The alias is named after the model field that points to the table. Compare tests/tmodel.nim before and after the change:

# Old way:
test "Join groups":
    toy = newToy(123.45)
    pet = newPet("cat", toy)
    person = newPerson("Alice", pet)

  check person. joinGroups == @[
    (""""Pet"""", """"Person".pet""", """"Pet".id"""),
    (""""Toy"""", """"Pet".favToy""", """"Toy".id""")
  # produces the following `JOIN` statement:
  # `JOIN "Pet" ON "Person".pet = "Pet".id JOIN "Toy" ON "Pet".favToy = "Toy".id`

# New way:
test "Join groups":
    toy = newToy(123.45)
    pet = newPet("cat", toy)
    person = newPerson("Alice", pet)

  check person.joinGroups == @[
    (""""Pet"""", """"pet"""", """"Person".pet""", """"pet".id"""),
    (""""Toy"""", """"pet_favToy"""", """"pet".favToy""", """"pet_favToy".id""")
  # produces the following `JOIN` statement:
  # `JOIN "Pet" AS "pet" ON "Person".pet = "pet".id JOIN "Toy" AS "pet_favToy" ON "pet".favToy = "pet_favToy".id`

With the change in the algorithm, the way select conditions must be composed has changed. Here's an example from the tests to illustrate this change (tests/tpostgresrows.nim):

# Old way:
test "Get rows, nested models":
    inpPersons = @[
      newPerson("Alice", newPet("cat", newToy(123.45))),
      newPerson("Bob", newPet("dog", newToy(456.78))),
      newPerson("Charlie", newPet("frog", newToy(99.99))),
    outPersons = @[newPerson()]

  for inpPerson in inpPersons.mitems:

  # We're querying by `"Toy".price` as if it weren't `favToy` field of `pet` field of `Person` model:, """"Toy".price > $1""", 100.00)

  check outPersons === inpPersons[0..^2]

# New way:
test "Get rows, nested models":
    inpPersons = @[
      newPerson("Alice", newPet("cat", newToy(123.45))),
      newPerson("Bob", newPet("dog", newToy(456.78))),
      newPerson("Charlie", newPet("frog", newToy(99.99))),
    outPersons = @[newPerson()]

  for inpPerson in inpPersons.mitems:

  # Querying by `"pet_favToy".price` to indicate that we want to match specifically by ``:, """"pet_favToy".price > $1""", 100.00)

  check outPersons === inpPersons[0..^2]
  • [f][t] Fix #79. NULL foreign keys are not omitted in selects anymore if the container objects is some Model.

  • [+] Add selectAll procs to select all rows without condition (see #85).

  • [r] Require Nim version >= 1.4.0.

  • [r] Update Nim version to 1.4.0 in Dockerfile.

  • [+] Hide logging behind normDebug compilation flag to improve runtime performance.

  • [+] Add unique pragma to add UNIQUE constaints to fields.

2.1.5 (September 8, 2020)

  • [+] Export private dbValue, and to procs in public modules.

2.1.4 (August 14, 2020)

  • [+] Add dropDb procs.

2.1.3 (August 13, 2020)

  • [f] Fix relation triangle with more deeply nested relations.

2.1.2 (August 12, 2020)

  • [f] Fix select for models that relate to two models that are related with each other as well.

2.1.1 (July 10, 2020)

  • [r] Add missing docstrings for getDb and withDb.

2.1.0 (July 10, 2020)

  • [+] Add getDb and withDb sugars to get DB configuration from environment variables DB_HOST, DB_USER, DB_PASS, and DB_NAME.

2.0.1 (June 24, 2020)

  • [f] Replace func with proc in dbtypes since to can have side effects.

2.0.0 (June 22, 2020)

Rewritten from scratch. Backward compatibility has been completely broken.

Most noticeable changes are:

  • DB procs work only with model instances and never with model types.
  • DB procs mutate objects in-place. To create new instances, use dup.
  • Models are ref types instead of value types.
  • Model objects are defined by being inherited from Model and not by being defined under db block.
  • DB procs now take database connection as the first argument.
  • Foreign keys are created automatically.
  • N+1 problem has been solved.
  • Most pragmas are gone, resulting in less customizability but simpler API.
  • Adding custom converters now means adding procs and not putting expressions in pragmas, which was very fragile.

1.1.3 (May 11, 2020)

  • [f] Fix #69: table pragma is now respected as it should despite being deprecated.

1.1.2 (March 13, 2020)

  • [f] Fix #63: foreign key boilerplate code is now correctly injected into exported type definitions.

1.1.1 (March 13, 2020)

  • [+] Add insertId proc that takes an immutable object and inserts it as a record to the DB. The inserted record ID is returned. The object id field is not updated.

  • [+] Automatically generate foreign key boilerplate for models defined under the same type section. See examples in tests/tpostgres.nim and tests/tsqlite.nim.

1.1.0 (January 27, 2020)

  • [!] Deprecate notNull pragma. NOT NULL is the default for all types except Option.

    To set NOT NULL constraint for custom DB types, add it directly to dbType, e.g. {.dbType: "INTEGER NOT NULL".}.

  • [!] Rename pragma table to dbTable.

  • [!] Deprecate default pragma. Default values are added to tables by default.

  • [!][+] Rewrite PostgreSQL backend to use ndb_, which adds NULL support via Option type similarly to SQLite backend.

  • [+] Add transaction macro to run multiple commands in a transaction and rollback proc to safely interrupt a transaction.

  • [+] Add createTable and dropTable.

  • [+] SQLite: Add means to write migrations: addColumn, dropUnusedColumns, renameColumnFrom, and renameTableFrom.

  • [+] PostgreSQL: Add means to write migrations: addColumn, dropColumns, dropUnusedColumns, renameColumnFrom, and renameTableFrom.

  • [+] Add support for int64 field type.

  • [+] Add getAll template to get all records without limit or offset.

  • [r] Rewrite table schema generation so that schemas are generated from typed nodes rather than untyped modes.

  • [f] Fix "unreachable statement" compile error for certain SQLite use cases.

1.0.17 (September 12, 2019)

  • [f] Fixed table schema generation for Positive and Natural types: they used to be stored as TEXT, now they are stored as INTEGER. Also, fixed #28.

1.0.16 (September 11, 2019)

  • [f] Added missing strutils export to eliminate Error: undeclared identifier: '%' and fix #27.
  • [r] genTableSchema now returns SqlQuery instead of string to be in line with the other gen* procs.

1.0.15 (September 06, 2019)

  • [+] Add dbTypes macro to mark existing type sections to be usable in DB schema generation.
  • [+] Add dbFromTypes macro to define DB schema from existing types. This is an alternative to defining the entire schema under db macro.
  • [f] PostgreSQL: times.Datetime are now explicitly stored in UTC timezone.
  • [r] Move row-object conversion and SQL query generation into backend-specific submodules: sqlite/rowutils.nim, sqlite/sqlgen.nim, postgres/rowutils.nim, postgres/sqlgen.nim.
  • [r] Move procs to inject id field in type definitions into a separate module typedefutils.nim.

1.0.14 (August 21, 2019)

  • [+] PostgreSQL: Support bool type.
  • [+] SQLite, PostgreSQL: Support times.DateTime type.

1.0.13 (August 16, 2019)

  • [f] SQLite: TEXT type fields would be created for bool type object fields, whereas INTEGER should have been used.

1.0.12 (August 15, 2019)

  • [!] formatIt expression must evaluate to DbValue, implicit conversion has been removed.
  • [+] SQLite: Added boolean type conversion. Nim bools are stored as 1 and 0 in SQLite. SQLite's 0's are converted to false, any other number—to true.

1.0.11 (June 15, 2019)

  • [!] SQLite: Switch to ndb_.
  • [!] SQLite: Non-Option non-custom types are NOT NULL by default.
  • [+] SQLite: Support inserting and retrieving NULL values with Option types.
  • [+] SQLite, PostgreSQL: Add withCustomDb to run DB procs on a non-default DB (i.e. not the one defined in db declaration).
  • [r] Replace type with typedesc and typeof where it is not a type definition.

1.0.10 (June 6, 2019)

  • [r] Rename getUpdateQuery to genUpdateQuery.
  • [f] Fix compatibility with nim 0.20.0.

1.0.9 (May 9, 2019)

  • [!] Change signatures for getMany and getOne: instead of where and orderBy args there's a single cond arg.
  • [+] Add params arg to getMany and getone to allow safe value insertion in SQL queries.
  • [+] Add getOne(cond: string, params: varargs[string, `$`]) procs to query a single record by condition.

1.0.8 (April 30, 2019)

  • [+] SQLite: Add onUpdate and onDelete pragmas.
  • [+] SQLite: Add unique pragma.
  • [f] SQLite: Add support for multiple foreign keys.
  • [f] SQLite: Enable foreign keys for all connections.
  • [t] Add tests for multiple foreign keys.

1.0.7 (March 21, 2019)

  • [+] Add orderBy argument to getMany procs.

1.0.6 (March 21, 2019)

  • [+] Log all generated SQL statements as debug level logs.

1.0.5 (March 18, 2019)

  • [+] Do not require chronicles package.

1.0.4 (March 3, 2019)

  • [+] Add where lookup to getMany procs.

1.0.3 (March 2, 2019)

  • [r] objutils: Rename [] field accessor to dot to avoid collisions with tables module.

1.0.2 (March 1, 2019)

  • [!] Procs defined in db macro are now passed as is to the resulting code and are not forced inside withdb template.
  • [+] Allow to override column names for fields with dbCol pragma.

1.0.1 (February 28, 2019)

  • [+] Respect custom field parsers and formatters.
  • [+] rowutils: respect ro pragma in toRow proc.
  • [+] objutils: respect ro pragma in fieldnames proc.
  • [t] Type conversion: fix issue with incorrect conversion of field named name.

1.0.0 (February 27, 2019)

  • 🎉 initial release.